Everyone should be aware that there is s significant difference between bathing and taking a bath. For me personally, taking a bath is a kind of mystic ceremony substituted for religious worship. I believe in the rejuvenating power of the hydropathy as a positive adjunct to psychotherapy. Through the centuries, people travel to spas to drink mineral waters and take medicinal dunks to cure the fidgetiness and racing pulses of anxiety attacks, depression, and headaches. The ancient city of Hierapolis or Pamukkale with antique pool is the famous from hot springs where Cleopatra is said to have swum. Although originally a Greek city, Hierapolis reached its the best time in the Roman era, when people came by the thousands to bathe in the hot springs. The water is around 46 degrees celsius, which makes it comfortably warm, but not anything close to a hot tub. As a conservator, I would like mention for you chemistry buffs, the “healing” ingredients of the pool are bicarbonate, sulfate, carbon dioxide and iron. In a Roman time, the water was used for drinking as well as swimming. The baths were destroyed, along with the rest of the city, by an earthquake in the 7th century. The remaining pool is full of pieces of the original portico, creating the odd experience of swimming among chunks of Ionic columns.
The water is very shallow, so one is constantly bumping into large rocks, some of which still have ancient carvings.
My visit was in April and the weather was absolutely beautiful. I can not believe that inTurkey is still winter season. My philosophy of life is very simple; when in doubt, take a bath.This made me feel like a queen. I could not stay and spend the all my day in a warm pool. I have to go and explore more ancient city here… Definitely I will back!
Among the Hierapolis ruins is a theater. The theater was built in the second century AD under the Roman Emperor Hadrian during a period of extensive rebuilding following a devastating earthquake in 60 AD. It was later renovated under Septimus Severus(193-211 AD). The theater at Hierapolis had forty-five rows of seats separated by two diazomata. Recent reconstruction efforts have restored most of the cavea which could accommodate approximately 15,000 people. An inscription in the first diazomata reads: “Hierapolis, the foremost land of broad Asia, mistress of the Nymphs, adorned with streams of water and all beauty.” The theater is made mostly of marble, but the renovations made during the reign of Septimus Severus used recycled stones from an ancient theater to the north of the city.
The theater at Hierapolis has some of the best-preserved decorative features of any theater in Turkey. Hierapolis was first excavated by German Carl Humann in the late nineteenth century. He published his “Altertumer Von Hierapolis” in 1889. Additional excavations by an Italian team led by Paolo Verzone began in 1957.
Next stop it is on a 200-meter high terrace of limestone deposits amid a wonderland of mineral water pools and petrified limestone waterfalls. Amazingly White Salt Structure of Pamukkale where you can immerse in the rich minerals.
It looks as if it’s made out of snow or cloud or balls of cotton. Pamukkale ” is Turkish for “cotton castle”. Pamukkale shaped by the hand of nature and extant since the ancient times, Pamukkale is one of the world’s most outstanding legacies. Located in the province of Denizli this natural wonder is comprised of terraces and travertine formed by hot springs and streams depositing carbonate minerals. Pamukkale has gained eminence for its waters believed to have curative powers and been used as a thermal bath since centuries. Noted for its extraordinary characteristics, the ancient site has been inscribed on the UNESCO World Heritage List in 1988.
The scientific explanation is that hot thermal springs pouring down the hillside deposit calcium carbonate, which solidifies as travertine. If you take off your shoes, you can gingerly roam the terraces or paddle in the pools. Here, in a landscape fascinating in its own right, the action of various mineral springs which contain calcium oxides has left fantastic concretions on the travertine structures. The resulting effect is spectacular: these mineral-rich waters have dripped down over a series of terraced levels designing bizarre solidified cascades, dazzling in their radiance and changing their color according to how the sunlight strikes them. The hot springs have been used since Roman times for their therapeutic powers.
I felt my connection to the earth, the sky, and all around me. If time could stop for just an hour if time could stop for just a day, so, what would I do.
Being in Hierapolis, one cannot forget that among the major cities of the Byzantine period, Pamukkale became a crucial site to Christianity after one of the apostles of Jesus; St Phillip was murdered in this city.Philip the Apostle (Greek: Φίλιππος, Philippos) was one of the Twelve Apostles of Jesus. Later Christian traditions describe Philip as the apostle who preached in Greece, Syria, and Phrygia.
Following the resurrection of Jesus, Philip was sent with his sister Mariamne andBartholomew to preach in Greece, Phrygia, and Syria.Included in the Acts of Philip is an appendix, entitled “Of the Journey of Philip the Apostle: From the Fifteenth Act Until the End, and Among Them the Martyrdom.” This appendix gives an account of Philip’s martyrdom in the city of Hierapolis. According to this account, through a miraculous healing and his preaching Philip converted the wife of the proconsul of the city. This enraged the proconsul, and he had Philip, Bartholomew, and Mariamne all tortured. Philip and Bartholomew were then crucified upside-down, and Philip preached from his cross. As a result of Philip’s preaching the crowd released Bartholomew from his cross, but Philip insisted that they not release him, and Philip died on the cross. Another legend is that he was martyred by beheading in the city of Hierapolis.
On Wednesday, 27 July 2011, the Turkish news agency Anadolu reported that archaeologists had unearthed a tomb that the project leader claims to be the Tomb of Saint Philip during excavations in Hierapolis close to the Turkish city Denizli. The Italian archeologist, Professor Francesco D’Andria stated that scientists had discovered the tomb within a newly revealed church. He stated that the design of the Tomb, and writings on its walls, definitively prove it belonged to the martyred Apostle of Jesus.
it was a beautiful day. It’s possible to see everything in Pamukkale in one day if you continue through Hierapolis, the ancient city after you reach the top of the travertines. However, please know that will be busy long day though.
It’s time to say Hierapolis good-bye!
I wish for you, as I wish for myself, our authentic passion. What is the passion? Passion is a part of real life’s package because were created by love, for love, to love. If we don’t give outward expression to our passions, we will experience self-immolation the spontaneous combustion of our souls. The only sin passion can commit is to be joyless.
Oh, one more thing……..Denizli cock or Denizli Rooster the most widespread symbols of Denizli province – the Denizli cock has black eyes, dark grey legs, a long neck ….this below is in the centre ruin ancient city ………new era.