October rendezvous

Standard

It’s hard to tell our bad luck from our good luck sometimes. Hard to understand tell sometimes for many years to come. And most of us have wept copious tears over someone or something when we’d understood situation better we might have celebrated our good fortune instead. However, the one can never be changed our past, only the hold it has on you and while nothing in your life is reversible, you can reverse it nevertheless. We are the hero of our own story. However; some of us believe that the planetary-zodiac gemstones can change our life. People looked at the night sky as the big screen with the mass of information stored layouts glowing dots. They considered it as the seat of the gods, and the model stacked with stars – for the transfer of their knowledge secret and has decided to make your life easier and give the names of groups of stars.

When I have been painting my signs of zodiac exactly that time I also started my rendezvous with the signs of the zodiac.  Let me tell you a story about my October rendezvous. History of the zodiac had not left written traces. All the indications are that the zodiac was discovered in ancient Mesopotamia. Whether its discoverers say the oldest yet the local language  Sumerian, Akkadian or later already, we do not know. But how scientists reconstruct the oldest astronomical records, we can deduce which way she went human thought, until she found the idea of the zodiac – signs and constellations. There is scattered evidence to suggest that the oldest known astrological references are copies of texts made during this period. Two, from the Venus tablet of Ammisaduqa (compiled in Babylon round 1700 BC) . Venus to the Babylonians was Ishtar, goddess of Love and War. Her symbol, the eight pointed star appears on at least one stele in the Louvre. This tablet, tells the story of Ishtar’s descent into the Underworld.

Venus_Tablet_of_Ammisaduqa_1

This is a close up of a section of a cuneiform tablet that recorded the daily movement of the planet Venus over a period of 21 years. It is the first time that the movement of a planet was understood as repeating.

In 525 BC Egypt was conquered by the Persians so there is likely to have been some Mesopotamian influence on Egyptian astrology. The city of Alexandria was founded by Alexander after the conquest and during the 3rd and 2nd centuries BC, the scholars of Alexandria were prolific writers. It was in Ptolemaic Alexandria that Babylonian astrology was mixed with the Egyptian tradition of Decanic astrology to create Horoscopic astrology. The sculptured Dendera zodiac or Denderah zodiac  is a widely known Egyptian bas-relief from the ceiling of the  chapel. The Dendera zodiac is an ancient bas-relief temple ceiling carved with mysterious symbols of stars and planets. During Napoleon’s Egyptian campaign (1798-1801), French scientists discovered the zodiac in the ceiling of a small chapel atop a temple outside the town of Dendera, near Thebes. Made of sandstone and weighing many tons, the zodiac excited immense wonder and admiration, for it seemed to open a window onto a civilization of almost immeasurable antiquity.

The Zodiac of Dendera is interesting to me because it provides some of the earliest evidence of the synthesis of the Mesopotamian and Egyptian astrological systems which took place in Egypt at some point during the 2nd or 1st centuries BCE, with the end result being the invention of horoscopic astrology.

dendarah-029

Dendera zodiac measuring 2 1/2 metres across, today it is in the Louvre.

When the Dendera zodiac came to be seen as one of the most important surviving documents of antiquity, and it is not surprising that eventually someone decided to try to cash in on its value. In 1822 an antiquities thief name Claude Lelorrain used explosives to remove the Zodiac from its matrix in Dendera, and he brought it back to France, where it was purchased by the King, for the considerable price of 150,000 francs, and put on public display. It was eventually deposited in the Louvre, where it may be seen today. The arrival in Paris of the unique artifact prompted a renewed interest in the zodiac from French scientists, and a spate of treatises soon appeared.

durernorth

Constellations of the northern and southern skies, engraved by Albrecht Dürer and published in 1515 in Nuremberg, Germany.

Here is the oldest printed star chart from Europe, published in Nuremberg, Germany, in 1515. The woodcuts were engraved by the German artist Albrecht Dürer (1471–1528) who usually gets sole credit for them, although he was only one of three authors involved in their preparation. First of these, and apparently the initiator of the project, was Johannes Stabius (c.1460–1522), an Austrian mathematician and cartographer, who designed the projection of the charts. He and Dürer had just produced a map of the known world, and this was a natural next step. Dürer was responsible for the pictorial content, and he seems to have borrowed heavily from an unpublished manuscript drawn in Vienna around 1440. Dürer and Heinfogel also seem to have collaborated on an earlier manuscript map in 1503 which can be regarded as a prototype of this more accurate and artistically superior 1515 engraving.

However , do you read  the zodiac column in the newspaper. Do you know who was a the first astrologer  or  who was a the first newspaper astrologer ?

William_Lilly  Wlliam Lilly ( 1602 – 1681) has been described as “the most abused as well as the most celebrated      astrologer of the seventeenth century”. Born the son of a yeoman farmer in Leicestershire, Lilly    travelled to London as a youth to take up a servant’s position. Seven years later he secured his fortune  by marrying his former master’s widow, allowing him the leisure to study astrology. In 1644, during  the English Civil War, he published the first of many popular astrological texts, and in 1647 he  published Christian Astrology, a huge compendium of astrological technique. This was the first of its  kind to be printed in the English language rather than Latin, and is said to have tutored “a nation in  crisis in the language of the stars”. By 1659, Lilly’s fame was widely acknowledged and his annual  almanac was achieving sales of around 30,000 copies a year. He also writes about the 1666  Great  Fire of London, and how he was brought before the committee investigating the  cause of the fire,  being suspected of involvement because of his publication of images,  15 years earlier, which depicted  a city in flames surrounded by coffins. Lilly was a controversial character who was both aided and  abetted by powerful friends and enemies. He attracted the attention of many members of Parliament,  through the support of Sir Bulstrode Whitelocke, Lord Keeper of the Great Seal of England, (to whom  he dedicated his Christian Astrology), but also accuses Members of Parliament of engineering charges  against him in in 1651. To his supporters he was an “English Merlin”; to his detractors he was a “juggling wizard and imposter”. He is described as having been a genius at something “that modern mainstream opinion has since decided cannot be done at all”, and having developed his stature as the most important astrologer in England through his social and political involvement, as well as his impact on the astrological tradition.

76775Astragalus gummifer - Gum Tragacanth Milkvetch

Lilly’s most comprehensive book was published in 1647 and was entitled Christian Astrology. It is so large that it came in three separate volumes in modern times, and it remains popular even today and has never gone totally out-of-print. It is considered one of the classic texts for the study of traditional astrology from the Middle Ages, in particular horary astrology, which is mainly concerned with predicting future events or investigating unknown elements of current affairs, based on an astrological chart cast for the time a particular question is asked of the astrologer. Worked examples of horary charts are found in Volume 2 of Christian Astrology.

In the time of Lilly astrology was widely considered to be a science. Astronomy and astrology were often synonymous.

The first newspaper horoscope column was written in 1930 just after the birth of Princess Margaret. Richard Harold Naylor (1889-1952), then assistant to the society astrologer, was asked by the Sunday Express newspaper to make a few predictions based on the Princess’s birth chart. He did just that – and alongside it, he wrote predictions for those born on each day of that month. The public response was enthusiastic and soon the horoscope column was born.

 

znaki zodiaku

In 1930 Richard Harold Naylor better known as R. H. Naylor, was the first sun sign astrologer  and he was claimed by his newspaper to have predicted the crash of the R101 airship. This led to pressure on Naylor to come up with a simplified system of astrology suitable for a newspaper column. After some experimentation, Naylor hit on using the sun signs (also called star signs) and called his column Your Stars. His horoscopes became a power in the land. If he said that Monday was a bad day for buying, then the buyers of more than one West End store waited for the stars to become more propitious.” Naylor’s columns ran until the the mid-1940s & by then nearly every newspaper & magazine had its own astrologer. Still, Naylor was the king & he was coaxed out of retirement in 1952 for another popular zodiac column, this one running up until his death later that year. The Sunday Express to cast the horoscope of the newly born Princess Margaret Rose, daughter of the future King George VI. He did so, not only outlining in his article a character now recognizably that of the Princess, but predicting that ‘events of tremendous importance to the Royal Family and the nation will come about near her seventh year’. Unforeseen events indeed resulted in her father’s accession to the throne a few months before her seventh birthday. But.more important for astrology, the newspaper’s editor invited Mr Naylor to contribute another article to the following week’s issue; and in it he suggested that British aircraft might be in danger. On the very day of publication, the airship R-101 crashed in northern France. The newspaper gave Mr Naylor massive publicity, and he became famous overnight. Since then no popular newspaper or magazine has been able to escape the necessity to publish regular astrological forecasts for its readers.

tumblr_m11uetFe1q1qzix81o1_500

Anatomical Man, Limbourg Brothers,Netherlands.

  This symbolic picture, of a type found in calendars of the late fifteenth century and known as an “anatomical man” , I think astrological would be a better name painted by the great masters of the Books of Hours were three brothers, Pol, John and Herman, from Limbourg, in the Netherlands. The miniature is showing the influence of the zodiacal stars on the human body. The human body was divided into several different categories. First, temperaments are based on one of the four traditional humors: sanguinous or full-blooded, phlegmatic or lymphatic, choleric or bilious, and melancholic or acrimonious. Man may he further categorized according to his degree of heat or dryness, according to the proportions of masculinity or femininity of his character, and finally, what is more obscure, in relationship to the cardinal points.
Combinations of these categories result in four main groupings of the signs of the zodiac: Aries, Leo, and Sagittarius are hot and dry, choleric, masculine, and oriental; Taurus, Virgo, and Capricorn are cold and dry, melancholic, feminine, and occidental; Gemini, Aquarius, and Libra are hot and wet, masculine, sanguinous, and meridional; Cancer, Scorpio, and Pisces are cold and wet, phlegmatic, feminine, and nordic. Well do you know yourself? Begin to explore yourself with this miniature art. free personality quiz

Sometimes you only had to sit next to a stranger on a plane, or stand next to someone and that person just after minutes asked you ‘What’s your sign?’

By the way ‘What’s your sign?’

290670821_ff26d778ce_z

Zodiacal clock on Charing Cross Mansions Glasgow

Do you know your sign of zodiac, I don’t know is knowing more about your sign of zodiac will help you or not.  However, I find my sign of zodiac on the façade of the magnificent Charing Cross Mansions in the Glasgow, designed in the French style by Sir. John J. Burnet and I am happy.

Advertisements

About conservationwithella

Hello, I'm Ella, Art on Paper Conservator & Preservation Manager at Glasgow University Archives and Special Collections. This blog is a walk through my daily life, work, arts & crafts history, my discovery that everything in my life is enough to be a continuous source of reflection. I started blogging to entertain myself but I hope you enjoy it too. I'm sure you agree, that Life without art is nothing. :)

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s